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  2. Social networks can be attacked by people who want to cause abuse and disruption, and one way to deal with that is to lock down the membership. But that goes against the idea of social, which should include being open to welcoming strangers. Mark Miller presents an analysis of how you can be both secure and welcoming which focuses on Object Capabilities. https://www.zwilnik.com/?page_id=1107 Links: https://redaktor.me/apconf/ https://archive.org/details/apconf-mark https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Project_Xanadu https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Miller_columns https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/E_(programming_language) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caja_programming_language https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Foresight_Institute https://www.synopsys.com/blogs/software-security/polaris-software-integrity-platform/ http://www.cs.jhu.edu/~seaborn/plash/html/ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bitfrost https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Security_Content_Automation_Protocol https://alanhkarp.com/scoopfs/index.html https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Secure_Scuttlebutt https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fediverse https://www.zwilnik.com/?page_id=1107 View the full article
  3. Last week
  4. HOPE 2020 will take place online from July 25 through August 2, 2020. Hackers from all corners of the world will convene virtually for nine days of online presentations from a wide variety of sources. You can be one of them! We want as many elements of the hacker community as possible to be a part of this historic event. You too can give a talk or be part of a panel. While we all would prefer to be there in person, this provides an opportunity for anyone to share their ideas from wherever they happen to be. Simply email your talk proposal to speakers@hope.net. You should include a proposed title, an abstract, and a short bio for each speaker. Provide enough information so it is clear why HOPE attendees would find your topic interesting, new, and relevant. Make it clear why YOU are the right person or people to give this presentation. Most speaker/panel sessions will be allotted 40 minutes for the session, and then 10 minutes for live Q&A. If your talk is accepted, we will provide full assistance in getting it ready for your timeslot, whether you choose to pre-record or present your talk live. All types of presentations are encouraged, from solo talks to panels, debates, demonstrations, and interactive discussions. Presenters must consider the viability of their session for an entirely online presentation method. Your presentation can be made in ANY language or dialect. Please submit the abstract and biography in English, though, since that is the language that HOPE uses to communicate with presenters and attendees. If you intend to give your presentation in a language other than English, please mention this in your talk proposal. Submissions should highlight their relevance to hacking. They should be original, and not previously presented. We encourage presenters from all age groups and backgrounds. HOPE is an inclusive event, seeking civil discourse and education on all topics related to the hacker world. HOPE encourages all approaches and interpretations to hacking, presented by hackers, makers, developers, teachers, learners, and experimenters. If you have a passion for discovering how things work and sharing that knowledge, you have the hacker spirit. Some topics from past HOPE events, and new topics of interest, include: - Hacker approaches to fighting 2020's massive health and social challenges - Information, disinformation, and information literacy - Technologies, along with their benefits and risks - Social engineering - Education - Hacker culture and lifestyles - Effecting social change - Industry, government, commerce, and multinationals - Science, engineering, and math - Body modification, hacking, and enhancement - Phones, networks, and telecommunication - Hardware and software - Secrets and disclosures - Data, privacy, encryption, and policy - Outer space and beyond - How-to's / DIY (for beginners or any level) ...and much, much more All submissions will receive an automated response. (You won't get multiple responses if you email us more than once in a short period of time, but we will still get your email.) Notices of acceptance will be mailed out in the weeks ahead. Send all submissions to speakers@hope.net. All speakers will be given full access to the conference, which includes Q&A sessions with each presenter, a commemorative conference t-shirt that will only be given to conference attendees, and a special HOPE 2020 badge. If you want to help with coordinating this historic event, send an email to volunteers@hope.net. *** HOPE 2020 - July 25 to August 2, 2020 - Everywhere *** View the full article
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  6. NEW 'Off The Hook' ONLINE Posted 28 May, 2020 1:10:58 UTC The new edition of Off The Hook from 05/27/2020 has been archived and is now available online. An apology for last week's show, fundraising show, Greg Newby, Aestetix & Mitch Altman join via Skype to discuss the plans for the upcoming virtual HOPE conference, The Hacker Digest lifetime subscription, three-year subscription to 2600 Magazine, the hacker tote bag. "Off The Hook" - 05/27/2020 Download the torrent here View the full article
  7. In this episode, the HPR_AudioBookClub discusses Star Trek The Continuing Mission created by Sebastian Prooth and Andy Tyrer. Non-Spoiler Thoughts Thaj misses Star Trek, and this made me realize that (this has since changed) Voice acting is very good. It's hard to translate things like starship combat into an audio drama. Background sounds really sell the structure of these episodes as Star Trek. This proves that an abundance of canon is not a reason to reboot things. This finds a niche in an unexplored part of the timeline and works. The warp sound effect for jumping to warp is weird. We think LostnBronx should write a StarDrfiter Audiodrama for us to produce. Beverage Reviews As usual, the HPR AudioBook Club took some time to review the beverages that each of us were drinking during the episode Thaj: Water and something from Kroger that I think resembles chocolate ice cream. x1101: Throwback style Mt. Dew made with real, diabetes inducing, sugar pokey: Led Light Bulbs....wait what?!?! FiftyOneFifty: Johnny Walker Black Things We talked about Recasting the captain was a bad idea. Thaj hates Cthulhu episodes of scifi shows. Which Star Trek is the best (the correct answer is DS9) Star Trek as an allegory for the real world. Pokey doesn't like time travel in Star Trek. And...we're back on DS9 We geek about the different types of ships in Trek. Since we didn't talk about the audio drama that much, we did actually like it. Our Next Audiobook Tincture, An Apocalyptic Proposition The Next Audiobook Club Recording Right now we are working through a backlog of older episode that have already been recorded. Once that ends we fully anticipate recording new episodes with listener participation. Further Recommendations Stirling Engines Nathan Lowell Pokey wouldn't mind a few cyborg modifications Peter F. Hamilton Lock Picking [I Don't want to live on this planet anymore](a href="http://cs608829.vk.me/v608829353/ac55/QTzYhbf8oUc.jpg) Cory Doctrow's "Makers" 3D printed metal dice Ace of spaces credit card bottle opener Dice Ice Doormat Feedback Thank you very much for listening to this episode of the HPR AudioBookClub. We had a great time recording this show, and we hope you enjoyed it as well. We also hope you'll consider joining us next time we record a new episode. Please leave a few words in the episode's comment section. As always; remember to visit the HPR contribution page HPR could really use your help right now. Sincerely, The HPR Audiobook Club P.S. Some people really like finding mistakes. For their enjoyment, we always include a few. Our Audio This episode was processed using Audacity. We've been making small adjustments to our audio mix each month in order to get the best possible sound. Its been especially challenging getting all of our voices relatively level, because everyone has their own unique setup. Mumble is great for bringing us all together, and for recording, but it's not good at making everyone's voice the same volume. We're pretty happy with the way this month's show turned out, so we'd like to share our editing process and settings with you and our future selves (who, of course, will have forgotten all this by then). We use the "Truncate Silence" effect with it's default settings to minimize the silence between people speaking. When used with it's default (or at least reasonable) settings, Truncate Silence is extremely effective and satisfying. It makes everyone sound smarter, it makes the file shorter without destroying actual content, and it makes a conversations sound as easy and fluid during playback as it was while it was recorded. It can be even more effective if you can train yourself to remain silent instead of saying "uuuuummmm." Just remember to ONLY pass the file through Truncate Silence ONCE. If you pass it through a second time, or if you set it too aggressively your audio may sound sped up and choppy. Next we use the "Compressor" effect with the following settings: Threshold: -30db Noise Floor: -50db Ratio: 3:1 Attack Time: 0.2sec Decay Time: 1.0 sec "Make-up Gain for 0db after compressing" and "compress based on peaks" were both left un-checked. After compressing the audio we cut any pre-show and post-show chatter from the file and save them in a separate file for possible use as outtakes after the closing music. We adjust the Gain so that the VU meter in Audacity hovers around -12db while people are speaking, and we try to keep the peaks under -6db, and we adjust the Gain on each of the new tracks so that all volumes are similar, and more importantly comfortable. Once this is done we can "Mix and Render" all of our tracks into a single track for export to the .FLAC file which is uploaded to the HPR server. At this point we listen back to the whole file and we work on the shownotes. This is when we can cut out anything that needs to be cut, and we can also make sure that we put any links in the shownotes that were talked about during the recording of the show. We finish the shownotes before exporting the .aup file to .FLAC so that we can paste a copy of the shownotes into the audio file's metadata. At this point we add new, empty audio tracks into which we paste the intro, outro and possibly outtakes, and we rename each track accordingly. Remember to save often when using Audacity. We like to save after each of these steps. Audacity has a reputation for being "crashy" but if you remember save after every major transform, you will wonder how it ever got that reputation. View the full article
  8. It's okay, can help to know the soft better. But I was the first to find that Crypton was listed on the trading platform https://www.qbtc.me/trade?symbol=CRP_USDT And that's great news, I think. The price is too low still, but bigger popularity will help it rise.
  9. [Shopsocks5.com] Service Socks5 Cheap Check Socks5 Online http://shopsocks5.com/check/ This really useful site that checks if SOCKS5 are LIVE or DIE Another extremely useful thing is that it parses out SOCKS5 and ports if you copy paste a number of SOCKS5. You can check unlimited SOCKS5 a day, but check Limit 50 SOCKS5 at a time. Paste SOCKS5 into the box. You can click check Blacklist or no click Blacklist and click check Here is the image check SOCKS5 Contact: Skype: Shopsocks5 Email: admin@shopsocks5.com ICQ: 727362912
  10. Introduction Two HPR hosts based in Edinburgh got together over Mumble to have a chat during the COVID-19 lockdown. MrX Dave Morriss Apology Dave’s sound was a bit distorted in this recording. Having had recent problems using the Zoom recorder as a microphone, this time the in-built microphone was resorted to, with even worse results it turned out. See the Sound processing section below if you want to know more. Notes Some of the topics we discussed Locations for recording. Ambient noises. WiFi versus ethernet. Dave has a 5-port switch on his dining table (not 8-port). ADSL routers Linksys NSLU2 "SLUG" SheevaPlug CUPS - printing and scanning with old non-networked printers Legacy computing experiences: Diablo exchangeable disks Line printers. Fan-fold 132 column paper Punched card experiences. Card sequence numbers. Card sorters. Checking disks for warped platters Magnetic tapes; recovering from damage. 8-track tapes Museum of Communication, Fife Strowger switch electromechanical stepping switch telephone exchange system Links Linksys NSLU2 SheevaPlug CUPS - Common Unix Printing System Museum of Communication, Burntisland, Fife Sound processing The recording was made in multichannel mode in anticipation of problems. The distorted channel was processed by using the Clip Fix effect in Audacity, which didn’t seem to change much except reduce the sound level. It was also necessary to find and remove sounds produced by the push to talk key presses. Removal meant replacing these sounds by silence so the two channels would not get out of step. After this the two channels were merged together and silences truncated. Lessons learned: don’t use a built-in microphone if you can help it! View the full article
  11. NEW 'Off The Wall' ONLINE Posted 26 May, 2020 23:58:56 UTC The new edition of Off The Wall from 05/26/2020 has been archived and is now available online. "Off The Wall" - 05/26/2020 Download the torrent here View the full article
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  13. This conversation took almost an hour, so I split it into two shows: Part 1 talks mostly about the RFC itself, what it means and why. Part 2 goes into personal experiences with the RFC and with syndication in general, in particular in the context of web comics. This is part 1. The why When serving most RSS/Atom feed readers today, you have to choose: Do you make a complete feed with all the things you ever published, or do you make a shorter feed with just the latest entries? This is a trade-off with pros and cons, and it seems like a trade-off you have to make, but a solution to let your Atom feed have the cake and eat it too existed already 13 years ago, if only any of our feed readers would adhere to it: RFC 5005, Feed Paging and Archiving The what https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc5005 was published in September 2007 The XML namespace for RFC 5005 elements is http://purl.org/syndication/history/1.0, aliased as fh below. Section 2 defines the complete feed: It is one document (Atom file) that contains the entire set the feed describes. The document is marked with an fh:complete element. Section 3 defines the paged feed: It is a series of documents connected with Atom link elements with rel set to the link relations first, last, previous or next. Section 4 defines the archived feed: It has a subscription document that may change at any time, and a series of archive documents that are expected to have stable contents and URIs. The link relations defined are current, prev-archive and next-archive. The semantics are clearer: prev-archive refers to previously published entries, and because the contents are stable you can stop when you see a URI to a document you already have. Archive documents are marked with the fh:archive element. The who In this show I’m talking to: fluffy Federated social web: https://queer.party/@fluffy Writes and makes things in several creative fields: https://beesbuzz.biz/ Publ is like a static site generator, but dynamic. It produces RFC 5005 archive feeds, of course: http://publ.beesbuzz.biz/ Thoughts on ephemeral content vs content worth archiving and how they relate to protocols: https://beesbuzz.biz/blog/5709-Keeping-it-personal Jamey Federated social web: https://toot.cat/@jamey Blog: http://minilop.net/ Made a prototype full-history reader that follows RFC 5005 links: http://reader.minilop.net/ Made a webcomic reader mostly mentioned in Part 2: https://www.comic-rocket.com/ Made a WordPress plugin implementing RFC 5005: https://github.com/jameysharp/wp-fullhistory Made an RFC 5005 archive feed synthesizer for sites with a predictable post frequency and URL structure: https://github.com/jameysharp/predictable/ Hosted at https://fh.minilop.net/ Was on HPR 9 years ago, talking about Xorg! http://hackerpublicradio.org/eps.php?id=0825 Conversation notes Google Reader was terminated 2013-07-01, all subscription data permanently gone on 2013-07-15: https://www.google.com/reader/about/ Mastodon had Atom feeds with paging, but the feeds went away when OStatus went away: https://github.com/tootsuite/mastodon/pull/11247 HTML4 does indeed define the HTML link relations: https://www.w3.org/TR/html4/types.html#h-6.12 It has prev rather than the previous of RFC 5005, but mentions that some browsers support previous as an alias. HTML5 also defines the HTML link relations: https://html.spec.whatwg.org/multipage/links.html Here previous is a lower-case must for historical reasons. IANA manages the Registry of Link Relations: https://www.iana.org/assignments/link-relations/link-relations.xhtml It references RFC 5005 for the Section 4 relations, but not the Section 3 ones. RFC 5005 singles out its own Section 3 (Paged Feeds) as the best-effort, loose, discouraged model. Section 3: Therefore, clients SHOULD NOT present paged feeds as coherent or complete, or make assumptions to that effect. Section 4: Unlike paged feeds, archived feeds enable clients to do this without losing entries. I’m confused about it in the show, but the RFC is clear that an archived feed has one dynamic subscription document, which points to a chain of immutable archive documents. Back in 2002, Aaron Swartz published his joke MIME-header-based RSS 3: http://www.aaronsw.com/weblog/000574 The cultural context at the time and the rivalry between RSS 0.91+, RSS 1.0, RSS 2.0 and Atom deserves a show of its own. View the full article
  14. Thank you so much! I am interested to know more about this application, especially from a person who has some authority. By the way, how do you like his community?
  15. In episode 3057 I talked about formal verification of software and forgot to mention why one would want to do it. This episode hopefully answers to that. While formal verification is powerful tool, it’s also rather cumbersome and slow to use. In some cases you’re better off with traditional ways of testing. View the full article
  16. Hey everybody! I've heard of this from various 2000s tech/hacker radio shows, and I'd like to get involved with the hacking community some more (or at least whats left of it.) Thanks a lot!
  17. Welcome!!! Don't be troubled anymore. You’re at the right place. Nothing like having trustworthy hackers. have you lost money before or bitcoins and you are looking for a hacker to get your money back? You should contact Wizard Harry right away he is skills are very affordable and he gives 100% guarantee to all his clients. Tested service with him include -hacking into any kind of phone _Increasing Credit Scores _western union, bitcoin and money gram hacking _criminal records deletion _Hacking of phones(that of your spouse, boss, friends, and see whatever is being discussed behind your back) _Security system hacking...and so much more. Contact Wizard Harry Now and get whatever you want by wizardharry@programmer.net +18078086168
  18. Here's the link of that blog https://utopiaecosystem.com/ This guy has also his own community in Utopia, holds giveaways, competitions and you can exchange CRP with him. And blog contains all the latest updates and his view on the soft. Really interesting.
  19. Earlier
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  21. Here are some steps you need to should take when setting up Ansible for the first time. Install the software Confirm ssh working Create a Inventory/Host_file Ansible Ping Create a playbook Confirm the YAML is valid Confirm the syntax is valid Confirm everything works together Install the software First you need to install the Ansible software. On Fedora that is as simple as a dnf install ansible, or on debian apt install ansible. Confirm ssh working Confirm that you can connect to the servers via ssh as you would normally. ssh -i /home/my_user/.ssh/id_ed25519_pi my_user@192.168.0.1 ssh -i /home/my_user/.ssh/id_ed25519_pi your_username@192.168.1.2 Create a Inventory/Host file Translate the ssh commands into a Inventory/Host file. I am using a YAML in this example but other variants are available. all: hosts: my_server: ansible_host: 192.168.0.1 your_server: ansible_host: 192.168.1.2 ansible_ssh_user: your_username vars: ansible_connection: ssh ansible_ssh_user: my_user ansible_ssh_private_key_file: /home/my_user/.ssh/id_ed25519_pi Ansible Ping Check that your server is up and reported correctly in your file by having Ansible ping it. This should allow you to determine if at least there is a command and control connection available. ansible --inventory-file my_inventory.yaml -m ping all This uses the group all and will ping all servers under it. The reply below shows a positive and negative response. my_server | SUCCESS => { "ansible_facts": { "discovered_interpreter_python": "/usr/bin/python" }, "changed": false, "ping": "pong" } your_server | UNREACHABLE! => { "changed": false, "msg": "Failed to connect to the host via ssh: ssh: connect to host 192.168.1.2 port 22: No route to host", "unreachable": true } The msg will give you a clue as to what is going wrong and you should try to ssh directly with the Ansible credentials again, and then try and ping using Ansible. ansible --inventory-file my_inventory.yaml -m ping your_server Modify the Inventory file until you have managed to get a successful reply. Create a playbook Work on your playbook and verify that it is valid yaml. --- - name: Test Ping hosts: all tasks: - action: ping Confirm the YAML is valid If there is no reply all is good. yamllint ~/my_example.yaml If there is no reply all is good. For your reference I will remove the --- line and this is the response. yamllint ~/my_example.yaml /home/user/my_example.yaml 1:1 warning missing document start "---" (document-start) Confirm the syntax is valid Then verify that the playbook is sane ansible-playbook --syntax-check ~/my_example.yaml If there is no reply all is good. For your reference I will remove the hosts line and this is the response. ansible-playbook --syntax-check ~/my_example.yaml ERROR! the field 'hosts' is required but was not set Confirm everything works together After that you should be able to run the playbook using. ansible-playbook --inventory-file my_inventory.yaml ~/my_example.yaml PLAY [Test Ping] *************************************************************************************************** TASK [Gathering Facts] ********************************************************************************************* [WARNING]: Platform linux on host my_server is using the discovered Python interpreter at /usr/bin/python, but future installation of another Python interpreter could change this. See https://docs.ansible.com/ansible/2.9/reference_appendices/interpreter_discovery.html for more information. ok: [my_server] fatal: [your_server]: UNREACHABLE! => {"changed": false, "msg": "Failed to connect to the host via ssh: ssh: connect to host 192.168.1.2 port 22: No route to host", "unreachable": true} TASK [ping] ******************************************************************************************************** ok: [my_server] PLAY RECAP ********************************************************************************************************* my_server : ok=2 changed=0 unreachable=0 failed=0 skipped=0 rescued=0 ignored=0 your_server : ok=0 changed=0 unreachable=1 failed=0 skipped=0 rescued=0 ignored=0 View the full article
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  23. NEW 'Off The Hook' ONLINE Posted 21 May, 2020 0:23:09 UTC The new edition of Off The Hook from 05/20/2020 has been archived and is now available online. Audio problems plague the show, the HOPE conference will still be held in an expanded 9-day online event. "Off The Hook" - 05/20/2020 Download the torrent here View the full article
  24. This is Linux Inlaws, a series on free and open source software, black humour, the revolution and freedom in general (this includes ideas and software) and generally having fun. Linux Inlaws - a podcast about on topics around free and open source software, any associated contraband, communism / the revolution in general and whatever else fancies your tickle. Please note that this and other episodes may contain strong language, offensive humor and other certainly not politically correct language - you have been warned (our parents insisted on this disclaimer - happy mum?). Thus the content is not suitable for consumption in the workplace (especially when played back on a speaker in an open plan office or similar environments), any minors under the age of 35 or any pets including fluffy little killer bunnies, your trusty guide dog (unless on speed) and cute T-Rexes or other associated dinosaurs. Links: Audacity: https://www.audacityteam.org Audacity OSX work-around: https://forum.audacityteam.org/viewtopic.php?t=105586 KDEnlive: https://kdenlive.org Blender: https://www.blender.org PwC mishap: https://www.theregister.co.uk/2020/05/06/pwc_azure_squatting The Current War: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Current_War Rick and Morty: https://www.adultswim.com/videos/rick-and-morty Better Things: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Better_Things_(TV_series) Pamela Adlon: https://twitter.com/pamelaadlon View the full article
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  26. NEW 'Off The Wall' ONLINE Posted 20 May, 2020 0:05:26 UTC The new edition of Off The Wall from 05/19/2020 has been archived and is now available online. "Off The Wall" - 05/19/2020 Download the torrent here View the full article
  27. This is an update to my earlier show to pull together what we know about the Coronavirus on this date, and what measures we can take. It focuses on the lack of solid information at this point and suggests a prudent course to stay safe. https://www.palain.com/health-topics/coronavirus-update-20200507/ https://www.palain.com/health-topics/scientific-and-medical-reports/ http://hackerpublicradio.org/eps.php?id=2685 https://www.cdc.gov/flu/about/burden/2017-2018.htm https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/All_models_are_wrong http://www.healthdata.org/covid/updates https://www.medpagetoday.com/infectiousdisease/covid19/86127 https://www.cnn.com/2020/05/04/health/us-coronavirus-monday/index.html https://www.palain.com/health-topics/coronavirus-update-20200507/ Extracted from Palain.com under the tearms of Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. Coronavirus Update 20200507 The coronavirus pandemic is continuing throughout most of the world, and I wanted to put down some observations on where we stand today. First, note that I put the date in the title. This is because the situation in some ways changes day-by-day, even though there are continuities. That makes it a dangerous place to be because it is human nature to look for the latest news and jump on it if it looks good. And that is a prime mistake because we do not in fact know enough at this point to be confident in these news reports. I would refer you to my earlier essay, Scientific and Medical Reports, which is highly relevant right now. While I could not have predicted this pandemic when I wrote it, it contains basic principles that are always relevant. The nature of the press is that it is like the carnivorous plant in the movie Little Shop of Horrors, always crying "Feed Me!" And of course we are all interested if not to say anxious for any news on the course of this disease and where it is taking us. What this means is that you will see a unstoppable stream of news stories touting the latest study on one or another aspect of this. Add in the desire of politicians to spin things to their advantage, and you have a recipe for disaster. To keep sane, remember a few basic principles: One study proves nothing. There are lots of studies, and many of them are one-and-done without having any effect on medical practice. If there is an interesting result, it merely indicates an area for further study. Study results are only meaningful when they have withstood peer review and have been replicated by other scientists. This process does produce good results, but only with time. Only in movies do scientists go into the lab and come out 24 hours later with the answer. If you really want to know when all of this will end, there are only two answers. It can end very soon with an accompanying loss of life because the virus is still spreading. This is starting to show up in places that ignore the science. Going outside without a mask and carrying on as usual is not brave, it is stupid. The other answer is that a gradual relaxation of isolation can happen if it guided by sound science. Unfortunately, as just explained, that sound science is still being sought, and will take time. When you see the vast majority of doctors and scientists saying the same thing, that is your best assurance the information is accurate. Right now the number one priority is testing, testing, testing. So, with that background, do we know anything at this point? Yes, we do. But we also have a lot of unanswered questions. Second Wave? The first big question is whether there will be a second wave, and this is something that every qualified epidemiologist I have heard from says is guaranteed. And the reason is that a certain "fatigue" sets in with staying in isolation, and at least some people will convince themselves they don’t need to do it. They are wrong, and they will guarantee that second wave. In the 1918 Flu Pandemic, the second wave was far worse than the first wave. And don’t forget there was a third wave in that pandemic until it petered out in 1920. The best thing you can do is keep isolated if at all possible, and follow all of the guidelines: Wear a mask if you must go out, such as for groceries. Many stores are offering special hours for seniors. If you are one, take advantage. After a shopping trip, wash or disinfect items carefully. Remember that soap is all you need to defeat the virus, but use disinfectant wipes when soap is not practical. After returning, strip and place all of your clothes in the washer. The detergent should kill any virus that is there. Wash your hands with soap frequently. Try not to touch your face. Maintain at least two meters distance from anyone not in your household when you do go out. Try to stay fit. I go for walks in my neighborhood if there aren’t too many others out, and when there is someone else out, I give them a wide separation. I also do gardening in my own yard, and exercise in my home. That won’t prevent you from getting the disease, but it may prevent you from dying of it. Yeah, this is all of the stuff we have been hearing all along. But annoying as it is, it does work if you do it. Is the virus mutating? Yes. In other news, water is wet. Face it, mutation is what organisms do, and that has been true for billions of years. The question you really have is "Is it getting worse?" And right now the answer is "We don’t know." Sorry I can’t give you any more determinative answer, but we are only at the "one study" phase right now, and we are a ways off from the "peer-reviewed, replicated consensus" phase that will resolve this. There are indications that at least this virus does not mutate as much as influenza, but even that may require more study. Am I Immune? We would all love to know if we are immune. This requires two big things to give a good answer. First, does having the disease and then recovering give you immunity? And the sad truth is that we don’t know yet. The common cold is a coronavirus, and you never get immunity. Influenza is a virus, and getting it one year provides no immunity the next. And if getting it once does provide immunity, we still need testing to discover this. The number one priority right now in all locations should be testing, testing, testing. That is the prerequisite for doing any decent epidemiology. There was a report (note: one study) out of South Korea that indicated that some people could get the disease twice, but they re-analyzed the data and decided that it might have been false positives. That is the kind of thing that happens when scientists are trying to do a year’s worth of work in few weeks, which is what they are doing. Is It More Infectious Than We Thought? Again, very unclear. And even less clear is what this implies. An argument is being made that if the rate of infection is higher, given the number of deaths, that would imply it is less lethal. And that is being used to argue in favor of this not being a big deal, so reopen everything. But to put it in perspective, in the 2017-2018 flu season, which was on the high end of deaths, we had 61 thousand deaths in the U.S. Today, in just over 2 months, we have 75 thousand deaths in the US, and that is with all of the extraordinary measures we put in place to keep people safe. To make an argument that Covid-19 is no more dangerous than the flu is to be criminally stupid at best. Didn’t They Predict More Deaths? Why yes, they did. A widely used model in the US is from the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME), at the University of Washington. And they have issued forecasts that ranged from hundreds of thousands of deaths to around 60,000 deaths. Clearly they have no idea what they are doing, right? Not so fast. As the statistician George Box famously said, "All models are wrong but some are useful". In this case you have to factor in two things. One is uncertainty, of course. To forecast how many people will die, it helps to know how many people have died, and this has been subject to fierce debate. And here it gets difficult, since one argument is over what counts as a Covid-19 death. And since every one of our 50 states has their own health reporting system, there is a wide disparity. One example of this is the idea of "excess deaths". If a given area has a pretty regular death rate for a number of years, and suddenly that death rate jumps 500% in the midst of a pandemic, it is reasonable to suspect those "excess deaths" are a result of the coronavirus. But if those deaths get counted, others will argue that it is inflating the numbers, and that only a positive coronavirus serum test should count. Since each state does this differently, this leads to the odd result that the disease appears more or less lethal depending on your state of residence. And that means politicians have incentive to get the numbers they want. The other factor complicating things is the phenomenon known as the "self-preventing" prophecy. You see, the initial high estimates tended to be "This is what will happen if you don’t take strong measures", and of course they were very high. And we know that governments like the UK and the US looked at those predictions, and started to take some stronger measures. So after a little bit, new predictions came out that were lower as a result of those measures. And now we are seeing misguided efforts to get people to go out and resume normal life, and as a result the newest forecasts are going up again. This is a feedback loop, in other words. View the full article
  28. While we all want things to go back to normal, the science just doesn't make that possible. July and August may still seem far away, but there simply is no way the COVID-19 crisis will be over by then, even in the best-case scenario. We had planned on waiting until June to make a final decision, but it's become clear that planning an in-person conference simply wouldn't be the responsible thing to do. Nothing matters more than the health and safety of our attendees. Yes, this will be a financial kick in the teeth for us. But it's one we'll willingly take as the mere possibility of putting any of you at risk is unconscionable. We want to be clear on one important point. Apart from the obvious disappointment of not being able to host this historic event at a new venue we were so looking forward to, we want everyone to come out of this not feeling dissatisfaction beyond that. More on that later. This is what we're now looking at: We are NOT canceling HOPE. Instead, we are changing what this year's HOPE will be. HOPE 2020 will now be a NINE DAY EVENT, beginning on Saturday, July 25th and running until Sunday, August 2nd, 2020. Why did we add an entire week? Because we want some good to come out of this and we believe our community is in a position to do just that. We all know what we WON'T have without a physical conference, but let's now focus on what we CAN have with some imagination and collaboration. That's what the hacker community is all about. We intend to have around the same number of talks as we normally do, but spread out over a much longer period and available for viewing on a high capacity stream. Those of you who bought tickets will have exclusive access to the presenters so you can ask questions, participate in workshops, and interact with other conference attendees. In addition, you will also receive a conference t-shirt and badge that won't ever be made available to anyone else. We plan on having NINE keynote speakers, again with exclusive Q&A access for our attendees. Participation in HOPE will no longer be bound by visas and worries of arrest by certain controversial types. So expect a dynamic and varied cast of characters. It wouldn't be HOPE without that, but now we can REALLY remove some barriers. In addition to ongoing talks and panels, we'll also have workshops for the duration of the nine day event. Expect everything from lockpicking to soldering instruction to our infamous ham radio exams. For the overnight hours, we're planning on having concerts, DJs, and other fun stuff. HOPE will remain a 24 hour event, but for nine days! All of this has been - and will continue to be - a daunting task. The COVID-19 pandemic has affected all of us in varying ways. The continued survival of 2600 was quickly put into doubt as our distributors stopped paying us, bookstores with our issues in them shut down, and new issues were left in loading zones. We've lost more than half a year's income at last count and have had to stop getting paid in order to continue to survive. Making this year's HOPE a success is really the only way we can come through this. As mentioned above, we don't want anyone to feel extra unhappy because of this. If you want a refund, we will give you one. But with all of the losses we've already suffered, we won't be able to continue existing if we have to issue very many of those. That's why we're hoping we can put together the best event possible and make this the highlight of our summer despite all that's happened. We are in the process of accepting talk and workshop proposals that have already been submitted. We will be providing technical support so that presenters will be able to participate smoothly in a virtual environment. We are now opening up the submission process to include many more participants from all around the globe, something we never really had the ability to do before. We hope to have talks, workshops, and musical presentations from a truly international community, no longer bound by a physical presence. While we have a dedicated team of volunteers already working on making this happen, we can definitely use many more, especially as the event draws closer and becomes bigger. Email volunteers@hope.net and let us know how you think you can help. We're looking for people with experience setting up and producing live online broadcasts. We are also looking for emcees, moderators for online forums, and people to fulfill other behind-the-scenes roles. If we get through all of this, we fully intend to hold a physical HOPE in 2021 (the first odd-year HOPE since 1997). This will also enable us to continue publishing once bookstores start opening again. All of this depends on our hacker spirit getting us through the toughest times we ever could have imagined. And if you share our enthusiasm over what this new incarnation of HOPE will mean, this summer will indeed be one to look forward to. View the full article
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