Getting Started With Linux
Posted 26 November 2003 - 04:12 PM
Here Are the Most Popular
Redhat -- Fedora
One of the most commonly found would be Redhat9 and Slackware releases. These two seem to be the popular favorites.
Another resource you can look at is a place called LinuxISO.org where you can check out the isos for linux distro's.
For those of you who can't seem to make up their mind and want a larger list then go to DistroWatch.com
*** I will add more content as I go to this post that way users have a nice slab to look at.
Posted 26 November 2003 - 05:04 PM
ok, here's a little howto on partitioning your drive for linux.
first, what you should know is that all devices in linux are listed as files, which are located in the /dev directory.
the first IDE drive is called /dev/hda, second /dev/hdb, etc
SCSI and usb drives are called /dev/sda, /dev/sdb and so on
partitions of a drive are identified by adding a number to the file, so for expample, if i sliced my first IDE drive in 3 parts, i'd have /dev/hda1 /dev/hda2 and /dev/hda3.
<insert fdisk howto here>
with 3 partitions, you can install linux(ok, the boot partition isnt really needed anymore since newer BIOSes can boot after the first 1024th cylinder, but anyways)
/dev/hda1 will be the /boot partition
/dev/hda2 will be used for swap
/dev/hda3 for / "root"
since the /boot part only holds kernel and bootloader's configs, it doesn't need to be that big, so around 16MB is fine.
a rule of thumb for swap is to make it around 2x as big as your ram size, but i recommend no less than 128MB.
the root partition will hold the rest of the stuff
ok, that isnt really the ideal partitioning scheme, so here are some changes i'd make:
-change root partition size to 256MB
-make a separate /usr partition, where all the software goes (at least 2 or 3 GB)
-make a separate /tmp partition, so that the temp files dont fill up my root partition. (64MB-256MB)
-people who run servers or log alot might also want to put /var on a seperate partition for the same reason as tmp(256MB-1024MB depending what you want to do)
-finally, make a separate /home partition, so i dont lose all my pr0n and personal stuff when i change distro (rest of disk space)
so lets say we had a 40GB to partition only for linux(desktop use), id partition it like this
/dev/hda1 -> /boot 16MB
/dev/hda2 -> swap 256MB
/dev/hda3 -> / 256MB
/dev/hda4 -> /tmp 256MB
/dev/hda5 -> /usr 10GB(sure you could add a little more here, but my /usr part is 8GB and i've never filled it)
/dev/hda6 -> /home Rest
alright let's add some filesystems on those partitions. you have lots of choices, but most popular are ext3 and reiserfs. formatting is pretty simple: type mkreiserfs /dev/hda1 or mkfs.ext3 /dev/hda1 at the command prompt.
you probably won't need to write it manually when installing but it is useful to know how fstab is structured so that you can add things to it later.
a standard fstab entry looks as follow
device mount-point type options frequency pass
device is partition, such as /dev/hda1
mount point is where you want the content of the partition to be accessed on the file system, like / or /usr
type is filesystem type, like ext3
the options are used to make the partition readonly or only accessible by certain users, read the man page for more info.
frequency and pass can usually be set to 0(not quite sure what they do yet, but ill read up on it and post it here)
done for now, ill add more stuff later
Edited by psychopuppy, 27 November 2003 - 12:48 PM.
Posted 26 November 2003 - 06:48 PM
also make sure to edit your fstab after install and add any cdrw's/dvd's or windows partitions so you can work with em.
Posted 26 November 2003 - 11:44 PM
Posted 27 November 2003 - 12:07 AM
To back it up:
dd if=/dev/hda of=/root/backup.mbr count=1 bs=512
To update from your backup:
dd if=/root/backup.mbr of=/dev/hda count=1 bs=512
BE VERY CAREFULL WHEN DOING THIS!
Also, you MUST be root to be able to do this.
You can really mess up your system doing this if you do it wrong, but its always good to have a backup, it doesnt take much room and once everything is patritioned to the way you like, making a backup can save you time and effort while *playing* with your system and learning its inner tweaks.
Posted 01 December 2003 - 12:33 PM
your /swap normally I specify to be the max size my mobo will hold in ram.
your /boot should be only able to fit what you need to boot. The smaller you can get this around your stuff the better. For those of you who do kernel mods make sure you give yourself a little extra space. Reason to srink this is because if a user wants to go to the extent of changing your configurations in your kernel or say boot you into a totally different kernel or change your grub or whatever they can do it on that. However if you limit its size.. your giving a smaller oportunity for people to play.
your /home should be limited to EXACTLY how much space you want to give all your users combined. So say if suddenly a someone gains access to one of the accounts you can limit them so they cant create a massive mp3 server out of you.
Just as a side note... check your permissions for everything... if they dont belong there then dont give them access.
Hope this helps for those who are looking for a little more.
Posted 15 December 2003 - 01:24 PM
Posted 16 January 2004 - 03:03 PM
aterm*foreground: whatever color you want
aterm*tinting: whatever color you want
to ~/.Xdefualts will give you a nice effect
Edited by jedibebop, 16 January 2004 - 03:03 PM.
Posted 16 February 2004 - 01:47 PM
the readme says to use -p0 when patching but for me only -p1 worked....
check out this screenshot i took earlier today of it: http://www.binrev.co...pshadows?full=1
jedibebop: btw, the aterm ppl say that its transparency uses very few if any system resources.....
Edited by hacnslash, 16 February 2004 - 01:48 PM.
Posted 07 March 2004 - 11:13 PM
FreeBSD uses an ncurses install interface much like debian or slack - and a ports interface in which Gentoo's portage was modeled after, and compares somewhat to Debian's apt.
If you're comfortable with a CLI, you aren't afraid of reading, and you pay attention to what the OS tells you, you may be like me, and find FreeBSD significantly easier to get used to than most linux distros.
But then again, what could be easier than RedHat?
In the Linux world, I found debian to be pretty easy, the ncurses install interface isn't pretty, but it's detailed. If you choose debian, get to know the apt program very very well. [most problems with apt can be solved by using aptitude, it's even less likely to corrupt the apt-database]
You really only need 2 partitions, a swap and root, but if you're multi-booting, having a 3rd for /boot makes it easier if you want to switch flavors without losing your windows partition.
Posted 08 March 2004 - 12:45 AM
I was cleaning out my notebooks and found this jotted down and decided to post it if anyone is having trouble with USB mice on a laptop using slackware 9.1
Add the following to /etc/X11/XF86config
Under Core Pointer's Input Device Section*
add this after "EndSection" of the section your current mouse is using
Option "Protocol" "IMPS/2"
Option "Device" "/dev/input/mice"
Option "ZAxisMapping" "4 5"
Option "SendCoreEvents" "true"
Option "Buttons" "5" (if it has a scroll wheel)
Then at the bottom under "ServerLayout"
change the identifier from "Default Layout" to "Custom Layout"
then you will have Probably 2 InputDevice lines such as
InputDevice "Mouse1" "CorePointer"
InputDevice "Keyboard1" "CoreKeyboard"
just add the following line between the Keyboard1 line and EndSection
InputDevice "USBmouse" "SendCoreEvents"
and you're ready to rock.
I have used this under slackware 9.0 and 9.1 and they both work fine with it
Posted 06 April 2004 - 10:17 AM
For the new(er then me) users, the answer to that is to:
edit your /etc/fstab
you will see the lines
/dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom iso9660 noauto,owner,ro 0 0 /dev/fd0 /mnt/floppy auto noauto,owner 0 0just switch them to be
/dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom iso9660 noauto,users,ro 0 0 /dev/fd0 /mnt/floppy auto noauto,users 0 0It worked for me, just switch the ownership of the drives!
Edited by phreakblaze, 06 April 2004 - 10:18 AM.
Posted 06 April 2004 - 01:49 PM
Posted 06 April 2004 - 02:34 PM
Posted 06 April 2004 - 02:40 PM
Posted 06 April 2004 - 03:15 PM
Posted 06 April 2004 - 04:08 PM
Posted 27 April 2004 - 07:18 AM
Posted 27 April 2004 - 12:13 PM
Question: I want to try fedora, (I've been using RedHat 6) but can't download the iso's. Can you reccomend a site where I can buy 'em? I (quickly) looked around on the fedora page, but didnt see anything.
thanx for helping out a linux newb.
Posted 27 April 2004 - 01:35 PM
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